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Urinary tract infections
in women

by Marius Blanc



UTIs in women

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women are a subject that affects many people. UTIs are common and can affect anyone, but for anatomical reasons they are more common in women. This article is divided into three main sections: the causes, the consequences, and advice on prevention and treatment.
Origins of urinary tract infections in women
Urinary tract infections are generally caused by bacteria that enter the urethra and travel up to the bladder. In women, the urethra is shorter than in men, making it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder. The majority of UTIs are caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria, normally found in the intestine. Other bacteria, such as Staphylococcus saprophyticus, may also be responsible.
Risk factors

  • Female anatomy: As mentioned, women's shorter urethra makes it easier for bacteria to enter.

  • Sexual activity: Sexual relations can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract.

  • Use of certain types of contraception: Diaphragms and spermicides can increase the risk of UTIs.

  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations during the menopause can affect the bacterial flora and the natural protection of the urinary tract.

Consequences of urinary tract infections

Untreated UTIs can lead to more serious complications:

  • Cystitis: A bladder infection can cause discomfort, a burning sensation during urination, increased frequency of urination and sometimes blood in the urine.

  • Pyrelonephritis: A kidney infection that can occur when the infection spreads from the lower to the upper urinary tract. Symptoms include back or side pain, fever and chills.

  • Sepsis: In rare cases, a UTI can develop into a life-threatening blood infection if not treated promptly.

Prevention and treatment advice

  • Hydration: Drinking plenty of water helps dilute urine and flush bacteria from the urinary system.

  • Hygiene: Wash and wipe from front to back to prevent the spread of bacteria from the anus to the urethra.

  • Empty the bladder regularly: Avoiding urine retention can help reduce the risk of UTIs.

  • Cranberry (cranberry): Some studies suggest that cranberry juice can prevent urinary tract infections by preventing bacteria from attaching to bladder walls.

  • dMannose is a sugar found in cranberries and other plants and shrubs. Its properties have been known for centuries, but it's only in recent decades that scientific studies have revealed its full potential. dMannose can prevent and treat UTIs in the majority of non-recurrent cases.


  • Antibiotics: UTIs are generally treated with antibiotics. It is important to follow the treatment prescribed by a healthcare professional, even if symptoms disappear before the end of the treatment.

  • Analgesics: Painkillers can be used to relieve symptoms while waiting for the antibiotics to take effect.

In conclusion, although urinary tract infections are common and often painful, most can be prevented and effectively treated with appropriate care. Education on hygiene practices and early consultation in the event of symptoms are essential to manage and prevent complications of UTIs in women.

Lagap SA's comprehensive range of treatments for urinary tract infections covers the majority of UTI needs.
Visit the pages of this site dedicated to them.

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